The 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia

5 11 2007

This Constitution begins with Preamble, where the reasons and the objectives of the founding of the republic can be seen. This is the Preamble:


Whereas freedom is the inalienable right of all nations, colonialism must be abolished in this world as it is not in conformity with humanity and justice;

And the moment of rejoicing has arrived in the struggle of the Indonesian freedom movement to guide the people safely and well to the threshold of the independence of the state of Indonesia which shall be free, united, sovereign, just and prosperous;

By the grace of God Almighty and impelled by the noble desire to live a free national life, the people of Indonesia hereby declare their independence.

Subsequent thereto, to form a government of the state of Indonesia which shall protect all the people of Indonesia and their entire native land, and in order to improve the public welfare, to advance the intellectual life of the people and to contribute to the establishment of a world order based on freedom, abiding peace and social justice, the national independence of Indonesia shall be formulated into a constitution of the sovereign Republic of Indonesia which is based on the belief in the One and Only God, just and humanity, the unity of Indonesia, democracy guided by the inner wisdom of deliberations amongst representatives and the realization of social justice for all of the people of Indonesia.

For the whole Constitution read this


5 11 2007


Indonesia Raya is Indonesian Anthem that was composed by Wage Rudolf Soepratman (1903-1938). This is the original version of the lyric – 


Indonesia Tanah Airkoe, Tanah Toempah Darahkoe
Disanalah Akoe Berdiri, Djadi Pandoe Iboekoe
Indonesia Kebangsaankoe Bangsa dan TanahAirkoe
Marilah Kita Berseroe Indonesia Bersatoe
Hidoeplah Tanahkoe, Hidoeplah Negrikoe
Bangsakoe Ra’jatkoe Semw’wanja
Bangoenlah Jiwanja, Bangoenlah Badannja
Oentoek Indonesia Raja


Indonesia Raya Merdeka Merdeka
Tanahkoe Negrikoe jang Koetjinta
Indonesia Raja Merdeka Merdeka
Hidoeplah Indonesia Raja

Indonesia Tanah jang Moelia, Tanah Kita jang Kaja
Di Sanalah Akoe Berdiri Oentoek Slama-lamanja
Indonesia Tanah Poesaka, Poesaka Kita Semoeanja
Marilah Kita Mendo’a Indonesia Bahagia
Soeboerlah Tanahnja, Soeboerlah Djiwanja
Bangsanja Ra’jatnja Sem’wanja
Sadarlah Hatinja Sadarlah Boedinja
Oentoek Indonesia Raja

Hear this anthem through this vdeo


5 11 2007



Pancasila is the philosophical foundation of the State. The term “Pancasila” comes from Sanskrit: “Panca” means “Five”, and  “sila” means “Principle”.


 Pancasila comprises five inseparable and interrelated principles. They are:

1. Belief in the One and Only God

2. Just and Civilized Humanity

3. The Unity of Indonesia

4. Democracy Guided by the Inner Wisdom in the Unaminity Arising out of Deliberations amongst Representatives

5. Social Justice for All Indonesian People

Elaboration of the five principles is as follows:

1) Belief in the One and Only God

This principle of Pancasila reaffirms the Indonesian peoples’ belief that God does exist. It believes in life after death. It emphasizes the pursuit of sacred values will lead the people to a better life in the hereafter. The principle is embodied in article 29, Section 1 of the 1945 Constitution and reads: “The state shall be based on the belief in the One and Only God.

2) Just and Civilized Humanity

Just principle requires that human beings be treated with due regard to their dignity as God’s creatures. It emphasizes that the Indonesian people do not tolerate physical or spiritual oppression of human beings by their own people or by any other nation.

3) The Unity of Indonesia

This principle embodies the concept of nationalism, of love for one’s nation and motherland. It envisages the need to always foster national unity and integrity. Pancasila nationalism demands that Indonesians avoid feelings of superiority on ethnical grounds, for reasons of ancestry and color of the skin. In 1928 Indonesian youth pledged to have one country, one nation and one language, while the Indonesian coat of arms enshrines the symbol of “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika” which means “unity in diversity.”

4) Democracy Guided by the Inner Wisdom in the Unanimity Arising Out of Deliberations amongst Representatives

Pancasila democracy calls for decision-making through deliberations, or musyawarah, to reach a consensus, or mufakat. It is democracy that lives up to the principles of Pancasila. This implies that democratic right must always be exercised with a deep sense of responsibility to God Almighty according to one’s own conviction and religious belief, with respect for humanitarian values of man’s dignity and integrity, and with a view to preserving and strengthening national unity and the pursuit of social justice. Thus, Pancasila Democracy means democracy based on the people’s sovereignty which is inspired by and integrated with other principles of Pancasila. This means that the use of democratic rights should always be in line with responsibility towards God Almighty according to the respective faith; uphold human values in line with human dignity; guarantee and strengthen national unity; and be aimed at realizing social justice for the whole of the people of Indonesia.

5) Social Justice for All Indonesian peoples.

This principle calls for the equitable spread of welfare to the entire population, not in a static but in a dynamic and progressive way. This means that all the country’s natural resources and the national potentials should be utilized for the greater possible good and happiness of the people. Social justice implies protection of the weak. But protection should not deny them work. On the contrary, they should work according to their abilities and fields of activity. Protection should prevent willful treatment by the strong and ensure the rule of justice. These are the sacred values of Pancasila which, as a cultural principle, should always be respected by every Indonesian because it is now the ideology of the state and the life philosophy of the Indonesian people.

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